AskDefine | Define sock

Dictionary Definition

sock

Noun

1 hosiery consisting of a cloth covering for the foot; worn inside the shoe; reaches to between the ankle and the knee
2 a truncated cloth cone mounted on a mast; used (e.g., at airports) to show the direction of the wind [syn: windsock, air sock, wind sleeve, wind cone, drogue] v : hit hard [syn: bop, whop, whap, bonk, bash]

User Contributed Dictionary

English

Pronunciation

Etymology

Noun

  1. A knitted or woven covering for the foot.
  2. A shoe worn by Greco-Roman comedy actors.
  3. A violent blow, punch
  4. A shortened version of sock puppet
exampler of use. "For enemies near are enemies known though socks are a bother he feels at last not alone "

Translations

Verb

  1. To hit or strike violently.
  2. To deliver a blow.
    They may let you off the first time, but the second time they'll sock it to you—James Jones

Derived terms

Translations

Extensive Definition

A sock is a knitted or woven type of hosiery garment for enclosing the human foot. They are worn on the feet. Socks are designed to:
  • ease chafing between the foot and footwear,
  • keep the feet warm
  • provide comfort
  • be fashionable
  • keep the feet clean
Sock is also the term given to the layer of leather or other material covering the insole of a shoe. When only part of the insole is covered, leaving the forepart visible, this is known as a half-sock. The average foot has 250,000 sweat glands, and the average pair gives off about half a pint (almost 250 mL) of perspiration per day. Socks help to absorb this sweat and draw it to areas where air can wick the perspiration away. In cold environments, socks help to retain/remove the moisture given off by one's feet, decreasing the risk of frostbite. There was a shoe worn by Roman comic actors called soccus in Latin. It was a slipper and fitted loosely so it could be taken off quickly.

History

Socks have evolved over the centuries from the earliest models which were made from animal skins gathered up and tied around the ankles. In the 8th century BC, the ancient Greeks wore socks from matted animal hair for warmth. Romans also wrapped their feet with leather or woven fabrics. By the 5th Century AD, socks called ‘puttees’ were worn by holy people in Europe to symbolise purity. By AD 1000, socks became a symbol of wealth among the nobility.
The invention of a knitting machine in 1589 meant that socks could be knitted six times faster than by hand. Nonetheless, knitting machines and hand knitters worked side by side until 1800.
The next revolution in sock production was the introduction of nylon in 1939. Until then socks were commonly made from silk, cotton and wool. Nylon was the start of blending two or more yarns in the production of socks, a process that still continues.

Fabrication

Socks can be created from a wide variety of materials. Some of these materials are cotton, wool, nylon, acrylic, polyester, olefin, polypropylene, or spandex. To get an increased level of softness other materials that might be used during the process can be silk, linen, cashmere, or mohair. The color variety of sock choices can be any color that the designers intend to make the sock upon its creation. Sock 'coloring' can come in a wide range of colors. Sometimes art is also put onto socks to increase their appearance. Different sports generally brandish different sock colors and there are also sometimes each sock will have a different color (for some significance or another). Colored socks may be a key part of the uniforms for sports, allowing players teams to be distinguished when only their legs are clearly visible.
Sock sizes can vary from 8.5 - 11.5 . Sock lengths vary, from ankle-high to thigh level and much in between. Other styles of socks include crew socks, mid-calf, and bare socks. A toe sock encases each toe individually the same way a finger is encased in a glove. Leg warmers, which are not typically socks, are commonly replaced with socks in northern regions of Scandinavia due to the cold climate.

Sock sizes

In the UK, a sock's size is the similar to that of a person's foot; for example, a foot that has a shoe size of 9 would require a sock sized 8-10.
In some parts of the world socks are sized differently than shoes. The chart below gives size equivalences, although there is no indication as to which of the numerous sizing systems it represents:
Other less common sock sizes are 10-15, 13-15, and 13-16.

See also

References

sock in Arabic: جورب
sock in Catalan: Mitjó
sock in Czech: Ponožky
sock in Chuvash: Чăлха
sock in Danish: Sok
sock in German: Strumpf
sock in Esperanto: Ŝtrumpeto
sock in Spanish: Calcetín
sock in Persian: جوراب
sock in Finnish: Sukka
sock in French: Chaussette
sock in Hebrew: גרב
sock in Indonesian: Kaus kaki
sock in Japanese: 靴下
sock in Lithuanian: Kojinė
sock in Dutch: Sok (kledingstuk)
sock in Norwegian Nynorsk: Sokk
sock in Norwegian: Sokk
sock in Pennsylvania German: Schtrump
sock in Polish: Skarpetki
sock in Portuguese: Meia
sock in Quechua: Chankaku
sock in Russian: Носок
sock in Sicilian: Quasittedda
sock in Simple English: Sock
sock in Slovak: Ponožka
sock in Swedish: Strumpor
sock in Tajik: Ҷӯроб
sock in Turkish: Çorap
sock in Ukrainian: Шкарпетки
sock in Yiddish: שטרומפ
sock in Contenese: 襪
sock in Chinese: 短襪

Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words

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